Scientific Studies Missed by the FDA

The human body is almost 70 percent water, therefore, keeping hydrated is the cornerstone of good health. Clean, pure water is essential.

Beyond water filtration there is the issue of pH – alkaline versus acidic or neutral water. There are many shocking health claims that have been made about alkaline water, but are they true? The theory behind alkaline water is that it is a powerful antioxidant with surplus electrons that can stop the dangerous free radicals from causing damage. Marketers even claim that alkaline water can correct acidity in the body’s tissues, which can prevent or reverse cancer, arthritis, and other degenerative diseases.

According to Ghanaweb the FDA issued a statement cautioning the public to disregard the claims that water with a higher pH level “prevents the onset of cardiovascular and other diseases.”

The statement signed by Ag. Chief Executive Officer of the Authority Delese A.A. Darko, indicated that there is not yet any evidence that supports the claims made in a viral video purporting that water with a high pH is better for health reasons than those brands that are less alkaline.

There is no documented peer review evidence which has been internationally accepted and endorsed by the WHO and the Medical Community indicating that drinking water of more alkaline nature impact good health better than other drinking water.

Additionally, the statement explains that drinking water as standardized by WHO, CODEX, and the Ghana Standards Authority should have the pH level ranging between 6.5 and 8.5. According to the statement, any water that falls outside that range is not suitable for drinking. (Anything above pH 7.0 is alkaline and below 7.0 is acidic.)

The FDA claims that there is “no documented peer review evidence which has been internationally accepted and endorsed by the WHO and the Medical Community indicating that drinking water of more alkaline nature impact good health better than other drinking water.” However, there are studies that have been conducted on alkaline water.

The topic they address is important to health and has generated thousands of queries. If objections are based on the claims of marketers, many reject virtually any heath claim, however, it is unfair to throw out the baby with the bathwater. Just because marketers make outrageous claims for water with a high pH level does not mean there are not real health benefits from drinking alkaline water.

In truth, there are few legitimate scientific studies about the effects of alkaline water on human health. However, there is far more scientific evidence in support of alkaline water. Yes, most of them involves studies on animals, but there are over two dozen studies conducted on humans. Even the Mayo Clinic acknowledges the potential of alkaline water to slow bone loss, which was published in the article, “Is Alkaline Water Better for You than Plain Water?”

The following is a handful of studies to be accessed for both human and animals.

Human Studies

  1. Selective stimulation of the growth of anaerobic microflora in the human intestinal tract by electrolyzed reducing water.
  2. Acid-based balance and hydration status following the consumption of mineral-based alkaline bottled water.
  3. Enhanced induction of mitochondrial damage and apoptosis in human leukemia HL-60 cells due to electrolyzed-reduced water and glutathione.
  4. Protective mechanism of reduced water against alloxan-induced pancreatic beta-cell damage: Scavenging effect against reactive oxygen species.
  5. Inhibitory effect of electrolyzed reduced water on tumor angiogenesis.
  6. Anti-diabetic effect of alkaline-reduced water on OLETF rats.

The Animal Studies

  1. Anti-diabetic effects of electrolyzed reduced water in streptococci-induced and genetic diabetic mice.
  2. Preservative effect of electrolyzed reduced water on pancreatic beta-cell mass is diabetic db/db mice.
  3. Electrolyzed-reduced water protects against oxidative damage to DNA, RNA, and protein.
  4. The mechanism of the enhanced antioxidant effects against superoxide anion radicals of reduced water produced by electrolysis.
  5. Electrolyzed-reduced water reduced hemodialysis-induced erythrocyte impairment in end-stage renal disease patients.
  6. Influences of alkaline ionized water on milk yield, body weight of offspring and perinatal dam in rats.
  7. Histopathological influence of alkaline ionized water on myocardial muscle of mother rats.
  8. Degradation of myocardiac myosin and creatine kinase in rats given alkaline ionized water.
  9. Influence of alkaline ionized water on rat erythrocyte hexokinase activity and myocardium.
  10. Effect of alkaline ionized water on reproduction in gestational and lactational rats.
  11. Impact of extra water on immunosystem in mice.
  12. Selective stimulation of the growth of anaerobic microflora in the human intestinal tract by electrolyzed reducing water.
  13. Water desirable for health in terms of oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) to pH relationship.
  14. Influences of alkaline ionized water on milk electrolyte concentrations in maternal rats.
  15. Electrolyzed-reduced water scavenges active oxygen species and protects DNA from oxidative damage.
  16. The mechanism of the enhanced antioxidant effects against superoxide anion radicals of reduced water produced by electrolysis.
  17. Protective mechanism of reduced water against alloxan-induced pancreatic beta-cell damage: Scavenging effect against reactive oxygen species.
  18. Electrolyzed hydrogen-saturated water for drinking use elicits an antioxidative effect: a feeding test with rats.
  19. Effects of supplementing calcium, iron, and zinc on women’s health during pregnancy.
  20. Supplementation with alkaline minerals reduces symptoms in patients with chronic low back pain.

Alkalinity Research: Negative Studies on Humans

There has been much debate about making the body alkaline in the battle against cancer. This has particularly become an area of interest because cancer rates have skyrockets. Some believe it is because people’s bodies have become more acidic due to poor diet. The scientific research about the benefits of alkaline water is not conclusive. pH levels appear to have a significant influence on cell mitochondria.

Normal cells die when they are under extremely alkaline conditions. A study published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry discovered that rising cellular pH causes alkaline-induced cell death as a result of the altering mitochondrial function. Another study conducted at Cornell University showed that antioxidants have not proven to be effective against many neurodegenerative diseases. Scientist state that it may be the result of how the mitochondria operate within the cell in specific pH conditions.

It is apparent that there need to be more studies conducted on alkaline water. It is also obvious that the FDA does not have enough information to make a decision about alkaline water.

By Jeanette Smith

Source:

Modern Ghana: Alkalinity Water and FDA: Is it All Hype?

Image Courtesy of William Murphy's Flickr Page - Creative Commons License

 

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